The Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku earthquake struck northeast Honshu, Japan, on 14 June 2008.
This earthquake had a moment magnitude Mw 6.9 according to the USGS.
The peak ground acceleration (PGA) had a maximum vector sum (3 component) value of 4278 cm/sec^2 (4.36 G).
This is the highest ever recorded PGA, although other quakes have had higher moment magnitudes. The Richter and moment magnitudes are a measure of the total energy released by a quake.
The PGA is measured at a point. It depends on soil conditions, distance from the hypocenter, and other factors.
Masumi Yamada et al (July/August 2010). “Spatially Dense Velocity Structure Exploration in the Source Region of the Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku Earthquake”. Seismological Research Letters v. 81; no. 4;. Seismological Society of America. pp. 597–604. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
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The highest PGA for earthquakes in the USA was 1.7 G for the 1994 Northridge, California quake, which had a 6.7 moment magnitude.
Reference: Lin, Rong-Gong; Allen, Sam (26 February 2011). “New Zealand quake raises questions about L.A. buildings.” Los Angeles Times (Tribune). Retrieved 27 February 2011.
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The peak ground velocity (PGV) has a better correlation with structural damage according to some sources.
The largest recorded ground velocity from the 1994 Northridge earthquake, made at the Rinaldi Receiving station, reached 183 cm/sec (72 in/sec).
Reference: USGS ShakeMap
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Further information is given at: Vibrationdata Earthquake Engineering Page
- by Tom Irvine